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Buthaina Eidan

Page history last edited by Anny 12 years, 7 months ago

Buthaina's Essays


Please copy and paste your drafts in the spaces provided.



ESSAY QUESTION (copy here):


Nature or nurture? Discuss the different research opinions with respect of the influence of nature/nurture on attitudes toward change. Illustrate your answer with examples. Which is the more prominent influence, in your opinion. Explain your reasons.




IEP 510/520 Core

Prof. Christine Bauer-Ramazani

Date: 2011, December 7



         The article "Why Change is So Hard?" claims that personality change is affected by nature and nurture. Psychologists argue about how natural traits such as confidence, agreeableness, conscientious, and neuroticism can change after the age of 30. Most research shows that openness to change decreases in adulthood because of the effects of genes and the habits which are imprinted by brain.


        On the other hand, personality change affected by nurturing. Rainer (2011) argues that adults from different cultural backgrounds encounter the same environmental influences and challenges such as life tasks and demands. They act accordingly and in the same way by accomplishing their responsibilities in life. They keep performing their work and meeting their social expectations the same way. These duties may serve as a personality change.


        In another example, negative events can lead to a positive one, no matter how difficult the situation is, to be recognized by determined people who seek change. They can succeed even if they lose valuable support or don’t have favorable conditions. For example, such as widows that start their life again and become stronger than before or the survivors of natural and health disasters. Their hardships create successes. However, Miller (2011) says that we should not draw conclusions from these examples because many older people with their major experience make a little bit of change.


        According to Borkenau (2011) "The structure of the aged personality until about 60 becomes increasingly stable". While others say that after the age of 60 when they have fulfilled all their life obligations concerning to family and work. They have a desire for change and may pursue new interest.


       The most important influence in my opinion is the change associated with nature.  Roth (2011) says that the brain creates habits that provide us with a kind of feeling of pleasure. By staying with the habits that they are already comfortable with, these habits will create a feeling of stability, security, and safety. Although new experience may bring some happiness and change, it also may bring some disorder and insecurity.




Caplan, N. A., & Douglas, S. R. (2011). Q :Skills of success 5: Reading and   

          writing. Oxford University Press.



1. All parts of the essay question answered? 1 2 3 4 5
2. Thesis statement / main idea stated at the beginning? 1 2 3 4 5
3. Several supporting examples/reasons given? 1 2 3 4 5
4. Several in-text citations/references made to the article/author/research? 1 2 3 4 5
5. Reference given in APA format? 1 2 3 4 5


Anny's comment:


1. You talk about the nature and nurture and give your viewpoint about the prominent influence. That's encough.

2. In the first paragraph, I see your these statement, good job.

3. Your have made many example to support your ieda. I like your details. One suggestion is please focus more on "nature" and "nurture" in your article. Because your title is "Nature or Nurture", you may point out them. And then you could organize your examples. Indicate what kind of examples belong to "nature" and what kind of examples belong to "nurture".  

4. You also use enough in-text citations.

5. Thank you to show me a good example of reference.






Course: IEP/510/520 Core

Prof. Christine Bauer-Ramazani



Date: 2011, November 4

Professor: Christine Bauer-Ramazani

Assignment: Persuasive essay

Draft:  1.1

Student name: Buthaina J. Eidan





Collecting antiques is a leisure activity 



Have you ever wondered why people collect antiques as a leisure activity? Gist and Fava (1964) define leisure as “the time which an individual has free from work or other duties and utilized for the purposes of relaxation, diversion, social achievement, or personal development." Many people find collecting antiques a pleasurable pastime. Although antiques are old, often fragile and not always practical. Additionally, can be expensive. But the value of antiques in terms of giving wisdom or pleasure can be worth more than whatever it takes to maintain it. Collecting antiques should be considered a leisure activity because of three important reasons: It creates unusual home for relaxing and entertaining ; it pleases the collectors because of interesting travels, and it broadens the collector's historical and cultural knowledge. 


First, collecting antiques should be considered a leisure activity because it creates unusual home for relaxing and entertaining . Although my home is equipped with many remarkable modern things, I have seen, how early Iraqi antiques, can decorate a home in a unique way. For example, antique collectors frequently devote their energies paying special attention in their free time to the different antiques for each era such as, furniture and accessories. According to the article Ma Weidu on Collecting Chinese Antiques (2010) "As long as we find joy from the collecting process, all that we devote is worthwhile." When my mother left her job at the age of fifty six, she decided to spend her pastime to collecting antiques especially old clocks, chairs and tables. Since we live in a large home, there is plenty of space for her to express her decorative inclinations by adding or rearranging antiques and enjoying her leisure time by sitting in one antique oak wood chair. The result is a unique home environment that reflects her culturally oriented taste. Roberts (1967) explains, “The leisure sphere of life is where most people express their real personalities" (p. 75).


Second, collecting antiques should be considered a leisure activity because it pleases the collectors because of interesting travels. Dennefer (1980) argues "almost two third of the antiques collectors perceive antiques collecting primarily as fun, pleasure and extremely enjoyable." The collectors spend their free time traveling to find antiques and have leisurely conversations with interesting people, both astute dealers and other knowledgeable collectors that had chosen this hobby as their pastime. This is a wonderful way to learn about antiques and the varieties of style within different periods. Moreover, The enjoyable challenge is to find good antiques at affordable prices, the collector must often travel a lot to explore and to find a good rarity. Dennefer (1980) argues "The fun is in the challenge of locating and acquiring the objectives more than displaying them"(p. 75).


Finally, collecting antiques should be considered a leisure activity because it  broadens the collector's historical and cultural knowledge. Collectors develop their knowledge in their free time about the historical value of antiques by reading about both antiques and their styles, as well as the history of the different time periods that they come from. Tomeh, A. K., Pearman, W. and Schnabel, J. (1983) states " About one-third of the respondents state that antique collecting they are also broadening their historical knowledge. Nonetheless, this interest is secondary to the primary function of antique collecting, namely leisure." The old things have a beauty,  collectors and enthusiasts who enjoy their leisure time seeing and learning about the unique individual design and hand work that collectors cannot find in mass produced items such as empire, Victorian, Queen Anne and Chippendale.  each antique reflects the cultural heritage for each country or the period of time. According to the article Ma Weidu on Collecting Chinese Antiques (2011) "Collecting antiques doesn’t mean gaining money. You should hold a correct attitude towards it. Wise people won’t follow others but consider the cultural value of the antiques.".

For these reasons, The choice of collecting antiques as a leisure activity can create unusual home for relaxing and entertaining and broadens the collector's historical and cultural knowledge while pleasing the collectors  of interesting travels. Would you like to preserve and protect the historical, architectural and cultural heritage? Would you like spend a happy free time?  Why wouldn't you consider collecting antiques as a leisure activity?











Gist, N. P.,  & Fave S. F. (1964) Definitions of leisure and recreation.

University of Technology Sidney.  Retrieved from





      Ma Weidu on collecting Chinese antiques (2010. January 28). Urban Art Antiques.

            Retrieved from




Tomeh, A. K., Pearman, W. and Schnabel, J. (1983) A profile of antique collectors.  

The Journal of Popular Culture. Retrieved from





Course: IEP/510/520 Core

Prof. Christine Bauer-Ramazani



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